Baba Marta is a mythical character from Bulgarian folklore. According to folk tradition the name is associated with March. Except March, January and February also have a special place in Bulgarian mythological ideas. January and February are presented as brothers with spicy character – Large beetle Small beetle January and February . Baba Marta is considered their sister ‘s mood – sometimes smiling and benevolent , sometimes unpredictable evil . Nature of Baba Marta is consistent with the changing weather in March.
Oldest are the sources describing how the Bulgarians were decorated with red and white threads of their inns for health, strength and longevity. Most likely, the holiday is inherently Bulgarian originating from the years 580 – 630th AD. Asia ( the continent which initially Bulgarians live ) tradition is transferred to Europe with the migration of a large group of Bulgarians led by Khan Asparuh. The tradition is observed today and in the territories that were Bulgarian – part of Romania, Macedonia, part of Greece, Serbia, and also in some of today’s Russia .
Each year, before the beginning of March, Bulgarians give martenitsi made of red and white threads , traditionally of wool . This makes for health and happiness. On March 1 Bulgarians put martenitsi clothes or wrists and wish health and happiness with the words “Happy Baba Marta .” The holiday symbolizes the end of winter and the coming of spring.